Delhi Economy

1. The advance estimate of Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Delhi at current prices during 2017-18 is likely to attain level of    686017 crore, which is at a growth of 11.22 per cent over 2016-17.  2. The advance estimate of Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) of Delhi at current prices is likely to attain a level of   626002 crore in 2017-18 which is estimated to grow at 11.51 per cent over 2016-17.
3. Delhi’s economy has a predominant service sector. Advance Estimates of GSVA at current prices for the year 2017-18 shows contribution of tertiary sector to GSVA at 85.92% followed by secondary sector at 12.04% and primary sector at 2.04%.
4. As per advance estimate, per capita income of Delhi at current prices during 2017-18 estimated at   329093 as compared to   300793 in 2016-17.
5. Delhi’s per capita income was almost three times of the national average, both at current and constant prices.
6. Delhi Legislative Assembly passed the State Goods and Services Act on 31st May 2017 and thus GST rolled out in Delhi w.e.f 01-07-2017. Around 75 % existing VAT dealers have migrated to GST up to December, 2017.
7. The ratio of interest payment to revenue receipts also got reduced to 8.39% in 2016-17 from the high of 16.79% in 2007-08. This clearly indicates that the debt problem is well under the control of the state government.
8. Tax Collection of Delhi Government registered a growth of 3.03% in 2016-17(Prov.) as compared to the growth of 13.61% in 2015-16. The tax collection for the year 2017-18 is budgeted with a growth of 19.33% over the previous year.
9. Delhi has maintained its consistent Revenue Surplus which was 5044 crore in 2016-17 (Prov.) as compared to 8656 crore in 2015-16. Delhi’s revenue surplus was 1.58% of GSDP in 2016-17 which is reduced to 0.82% in 2017-18 (BE).
10. Expenditure incurred on social service sectors in Delhi increased from 48.79 % in 10th Five Year Plan to 57.12% in 11th Five Year Plan and 68.14% in 12th FYP and Budget allocation 2017-18 under schemes/projects of social service sectors is 72%.
11. A major change which introduced in 2017-18 was doing away with the “Plan”-“Non-Plan” classification of expenditure based on NITI Aayog decision to do away with the Five Year Plans and Annual Plans with ending of Annual Plan 2016-17 which was terminating year of 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17).
12. Another major change which was introduced by Government of NCT of Delhi was to follow outcome based budgeting in the annual budgeting process from the year 2017-18 onwards with introduction of Outcome Budget 2017- 18.
13. In the financial year 2017-18 Education Sector has continued to be the first priority sector with maximum share of allocation of 19.1% of the budget allocated for Schemes/Projects followed with Social Security & Welfare(16.7%), Transport (16.5%), Medical & Public Health (14.2%), and Housing & Urban Development (12.8%). Water Supply and Sanitation has a share of 9.5%.
Demographic Profile
14. As per Census 2011, about 97.50% of the population lives in urban area.
15. Rural area of Delhi reduced from 558.32 Sq. Km in 2001 to 369.35 Sq. Km in 2011. The numbers of villages have declined from 165 in 2001 to 112 in 2011.
16. The density of population has increased from 9340 persons per sq. km. in 2001 to 11320 persons per in 2011.
17. Sex ratio as per the birth registered in Delhi under Civil Registration System (CRS) indicate a positive picture, enhanced from 809 in 2001 to 902 in 2016.
18. The population of Delhi as on March 2011 was 167.88 lakh. The decennial population growth of Delhi during 2001-2011 was 21.2% as compared to around 50% in each decade between 1961-1991 and 47% in 1991-2001.
Forest and Rural Development
19. The total forest and tree cover area in Delhi increased to 305.41 sq km in 2017 from 299.77 sq km in 2015. Delhi’s green cover has increased from around 20.2% during 2015 to 20.6% during 2017.
20. South Delhi district has the highest forest cover area at 83.35 sq. km, and the lowest forest cover is in East Delhi of 3.70 sq. Km.
21. During 2016-17 a total of 8.72 Lakh sapling and 12.31 Lakh shrubs had been planted by the Forest Department alongwith other greening agencies. During 2017-18, about 5.5 lakh saplings and 7.93 lakh shrubs have already been planted till December, 2017.
22. The gross cropped area reduced from 52816 hectares in 2000-01 to 34750 hectares in 2017-18. The main reasons behind such reduction are fast urbanization and shift in occupational pattern especially during the last two decades.
23. A new advisory board namely ‘Delhi Village Development Board (DVDB)’ has been consti¬tuted in place of Delhi Rural Development Board (DRDB) vide Order dated 20.12.2017. The DVDB has been set up for integrated development of both rural and urban villages in Delhi.
24. There are 47 Govt. Veterinary hospitals, 28 Veterinary Dispensaries, 2 laboratory/ research centre for providing veterinary facilities in Delhi.
Power and Industry
25. The supply of electricity in Delhi periphery increased from 32744 million units in 2010-11 to 34011 million units in 2016-17.
26. The total number of electricity consumer in Delhi is 55.68 lakh in 2016-17. Number of electricity consumers in Delhi has grown by 94.11% during the last ten years.
27. Peak demand increased from 4720 MW in 2010-11 to 6261 MW in 2016-17.
28. Power consumption recorded an average annual growth of apprx. 3.51%.
29. Aggregate Technical & Commercial (AT&C) losses in Delhi reduced significantly from 52% in the pre-reform era to 10.66% in 2016-17.
30. The total installed capacity of renewable energy in Delhi is 129.34 MW (Solar 77.34 MW + Waste to Energy 52 MW) as on 31.01.2018.
31. There are 8.75 Lakh total establishments operating in Delhi as per Sixth Economic Census conducted in 2013, out of them only 1.42% were in rural areas and 98.58% in urban areas.
32. Sixth Economic Census registered an annual growth rate of 1.94%, in absolute term there is an increase of 1,17,565 establishments over 5th Economic Census conducted during 2005.
33. Manufacturing sub-sector is the largest contributor in the secondary sector in the economy of Delhi as the income from manufacturing has increased from   18907 crore in 2011-12 to   27756 crore as per Advance Estimate 2017-18.
34. Number of working factories in Delhi increased from 8557 in 2012 to 8968 in 2016.
35. The total number of motor vehicles on road in Delhi as on 31st March, 2017 was 103.83 lakh, showing an increase of 6.99 per cent over previous year.
36. At the operational level, common Mobility Cards have been launched in Delhi on 08.01.2018 on pilot basis in 200 DTC and 50 Cluster buses wherein Delhi Metro Rail Card will be used for tendering fare in buses using ETMs.
37. Electric rickshaw has also been introduced in Delhi to provide services for last mile connectivity. A subsidy of 30,000/- per E-ricksha is being provided by the Government to encourage such facilities.
38. The existing network of DMRC will be increased to about 350 KM (including NCR) after the completion of phase-III work of DMRC. 39. Average ridership of Delhi Metro is 28 lakh per day during 2016-17 which is expected to be increased to 40 lakh with the completion of Phase-III.
40. 1757 cluster buses are operational in 8 clusters by private sector corporate carriage operators.
41. At present there are 83 numbers of flyovers and RUB/ ROB has been completed at various places in Delhi. Flyovers at Madhuban Chowk to Mukerba Chowk, Vikas Puri to Meera Bagh, Mangolpuri to Madhuban Chowk, Wazirabad to Mukerba Chowk has been opened for public.

Housing and Water Supply
42. Water supply and distribution in Delhi is being made by Delhi Jal Board. DJB has a total water treatment capacity of 906 MGD as on 31st March, 2017 with 12 Water Treatment Plants.
43. The total water resource available to Delhi Jal Board for distribution is 913 MGD, which is, from Yamuna River (375 MGD), Ganga River (240 MGD), Bhakra Storage (218 MGD) and 80 MGD from other sources like ground water from Tube well etc.
44. All domestic consumers of Delhi Jal Board consuming water up to 20 KL per month and having functional water meters are being given 100 % subsidy and fully exempted from payment of water bills w.e.f 01.03.2015. Around 515 crore was spent for water subsidy by the Government of NCT of Delhi during 2015-16 & 2016-17.
45. Delhi Jal Board has sewage treatment capacity of 607 MGD as on 31st March, 2017.
46. The total number of water connections provided by DJB increased from 17.85 lakhs in     2009-10 to 24.95 lakhs in 2016-17.
47. DUSIB has constructed 10684 EWS houses at Dwarka, Sultanpuri and Sawda Ghevra. 7400 EWS houses are under construction at Bhalswa which are likely to be completed by 31.03.2018.
48. The DSIIDC has constructed 17,660 EWS houses under JNNURM and 16,600 EWS houses are under construction at various locations in Delhi, viz., Pooth Khurd, Baprola, Bawana, Narela, Ghoga and Bhorgarh. 49. The DUSIB has setup 263 night shelters (83 permanent shelters, 115 shelters in porta cabins) and 64 running in tents and one in subway (AIIMS) to provide shelters to the shelter-less population. The total capacity of these night shelters has enhanced to 20984 during 2017-18.
50. All five local bodies of Delhi have been declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) by December, 2017.
51. Delhi has a variety of quality schools, colleges and universities as well as centres for research and higher education with male female literacy of 90.9% and 80.8% respectively. The literacy rate of Delhi is 86%, which is much higher than all India level of 74% as per 2011 Census.
52. Govt. of Delhi has significantly increased the investment in Education Sector and the budget has been increased more than double from   5491 crore in 2012-13 to   11300 crore in 2017-18. This is the most priority sector for the Govt. which got the highest share of allocation i.e. 23.54% of total budget in 2017-18.
53. The expenditure on Education to the Gross State Domestic Product of Delhi was the highest at 1.65 per cent in 2017-18.
54. In Delhi, the per student per annum expenditure incurred by the government on education has been increased from   29641 in 2012-13 to   54910 in 2016-17 and likely to increase to   61,622 in 2017-18 (B.E.).
55. The total number of schools in Delhi increased from 5155 in 2012-13 to 5772 in 2016-17.
56. The number of students enrolled in schools increased from 42.68 lakh in 2012-13 to 44.43 lakh in 2016-17. Student Teacher Ratio also enhanced to 30 in 2016-17
57. Delhi Govt. has 1228 government and government aided schools in Delhi, which is 21.27% of the total number of schools running in Delhi, whereas, the share of enrollment in government and government aided schools is 37.92% of total enrollment of all schools in Delhi during 2016-17.
58. Construction of 19 new school buildings has been completed. Around 6787 additional class rooms made functional in various existing schools for in¬creased access to Education and help to achieve ideal Pupil Teacher ratio.
59. Primary Classes have been introduced in 155 Sarvodaya Vidyalayas thereby paving the way for increasing the intake of more students in Nursery class.
60. Online web-portal for students to apply online for availing the education loan facility has been launched on 20/06/2016. The guarantee against loans is provided by the Delhi Higher Education & Skill Development Credit Guarantee Fund Trust.
61. Number of Higher Education Institutes increased from 209 in 2012-13 to 219 in 2017-18 and Technical Institutes in Delhi has increased from 99 in 2012-13 to 104 in 2016-17.
62. Number of students in technical institutes in Delhi has sharply increased to 34168 in 2016-17 from 23581 in 2012-13. The increase in the number of students in 6 year is around 54%.
63. Health sector infrastructure in Delhi comprises of 1240 dispensaries, 1057 nursing homes, 193 maternity homes, 62 polyclinics / special clinics, 83 hospitals and 17 medical colleges.
64. The total number of Hospital Beds increased from 42695 in 2012-13 to 53329 in 2016-17 thereby bed population ratio (Beds per 1000 persons) increased from 2.47 to 2.86 in the same period.
65. Mo¬halla Clinics and Polyclinics are being set up to provide health care services at door step of citizens.
66. Important vital indicators like Infant Mortality Rate, Neo-Natal Mortality Rate, Under Five Mortality Rate in respect of Delhi stand at lower levels as 18, 12, and 22 in comparison to All India levels viz 34, 24, 39 respectively. The total fertility rate (TFR) of 1.6 in Delhi, is among the lowest in India (All India level – 2.3).
67. About 86.74% of the total Births were institutional during the year 2016. Percentage of fully immunized children is 86%.
68. The crude death rate of 4.0 in Delhi is the lowest in the country and 2nd highest life expectancy of 73.8 years.
69. Per capita expenditure on health in Delhi has increased to 2233 in 2016-17 from 1548 in the year 2011-12 with the increase of 44 % during last five years.
70. There are 5210 ASHA working in Delhi. One ASHA is being select¬ed on 2000 population.
Social Security and Welfare
71. About 4.20 lakh senior citizens are provided monthly financial assistance in current FY 2017-18 (till December 2017) and during 2016-17, about 3.82 lakh senior citizens were provided old age pension.
72. About 2 lakh ‘Women in Distress’ are remitted monthly financial assistance in current FY 2017-18  and during 2016-17, it was about 1.77 lakh.
73. About 75600 persons are provided financial assistance under the scheme Financial Assistance to Differently Abled Persons in 2017-18 (till December 2017)  and during FY  2016-17 it was 71581.
74. About 7000 households were provided financial support under National Family Benefit Scheme during the year 2016-17.
75. Government is providing financial assistance for purchase of stationary, scholarship / meritorious scholarship to SC/ST/OBC/Minorities students studying in class 1 to 12th. Delhi Govt. also reimburse the tuition fee to SC/ST/OBC/Minorities students studying in public schools. The merit scholarship is also given to College/University students belong to SC/ST/OBC/Minorities community.
76. 95 ICDS Projects with a network of 10897 Anganwadi Centers are providing Nutrition, Health Services, Vaccination, Pre-School activities etc. to about 12 lakh children (up to the age of 6 years) and pregnant/nursing mothers in 2017-18 (upto Dec. 2017).
77. Delhi Government has enhanced the honorarium for Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) from 5000/- p.m. to 9678/- p.m. and for Anganwadi Helpers (AWHs) from 2500/- to 4839/- p.m. in CFY 2017-18.
Public Distribution System
78. Delhi is one of pioneer state in implementation of the National Food Security Act, 2013 w.e.f. 1st Sept., 2013.
79. Delhi Government has so far issued 19.40 lakh National Food Security Smart Cards to eligible families covering total beneficiaries of 72.48 lakh as on 31st March 2017. Almost all the digital Food Security Cards are Aadhar enabled.
80. Delhi Government facilitates supply of food grains to around 72.48 lakh poor people through a network of 2254 Fair Price Shops at a subsidized price on a recurring basis.
81. e-POS devices got installed in all the Fair Price Shops for distribution of ration to all eligi-ble beneficiaries through Aadhar enabled Point of Sale devices.

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